MMA Geoprocessing Toolbox

MMA analysis can be facilitated using a suite of geoprocessing tools for ArcGIS. The tools simplify the creation and processing of skims using Network Analyst to produce, summarize, and compare accessibility scores. Each tool can be accessed through the familiar ArcGIS geoprocessing interface. A brief description of each tool is provided below. Click on the tool heading for detailed information.

Calculate Change in Accessibility
Evaluate the differences between the accessibility scores reported for an overlapping set of origin zones. Accessibility scores reported in the “no build” table are subtracted from those reported in the “build” table to return the change in accessibility. This tool is useful for mapping the differences between scenarios.
Calculate Weighted Average
Calculate areawide average accessibility scores or change in accessibility scores based on the distribution of population groups in a collection of origin zones. Among other uses, the weighted average calculation is useful for equity analyses by comparing the accessibility experienced by different segments of the population.
Create Average Matrix
If multiple skims are developed representing a consistent set of potential O-D pairs (using a travel time window or alternative network parameters, e.g.), it may be desirable to summarize the average impedance between each O-D pair describing a single “typical” impedance for MMA processing.
Create Skim
Using network analysis to create skim tables is a critical component in MMA processing. This tool provides a single interface for setting up the details of a network analysis and creating output skim files.
Manage Decay Rates
Decay rates define how to discount activities at different destinations based on the cumulative impedance (usually travel time) from the origin. Create decay rate configuration files and manage their parameters for MMA processing using this tool.
Manage Skim References
When accessibility is summarized in the Summarize Accessibility tool, skims are processed based on skim reference configuration files. These files are automatically generated by the Create Skim tool, so this tool is only required if working with exogenous skims or if analysis paramters change such that the skim should be processed differently (using an alternative impedance field, e.g.).
Summarize Accessibility
Generate accessibility scores for a set of skim files and a table of land use data.

Typical Geoprocessing Workflow

The figure below shows the typical geoprocessing workflow for generating accessibility scores and making comparisons among scenarios. The phasing aligns with that displayed in the MMA Process Fundamentals section. The hollow boxes represent the MMA geoprocessing tools, showing the specific aspects of the scoring process they support and depend on.


For each mode, define the land use and network data and parameters associated with a given scenario. produce and manage skims and decay rates before summarizing accessibility by zone. Aggregate results for study areas of special interest as needed. Finally, compare scenario results and report your findings.

Analysis is undertaken for each mode. Scenarios are defined by selecting data reflecting the combination of network and land use parameters to use for processing. A “base” scenario is likely to be created using existing land use and network data, for example. If analyzing the accessibility impacts of a potential transit service improvement project, the existing land use data may remain, but an alternative transit ntework will be needed reflecting the improved services.

For each scenario, land use centroid locations are loaded on to the network to produce one or more skims. In some cases, the resulting skims may require additional processing to reduce multiple skims into a single “typical” condition, or to properly configure the skim reference files. Use decay rates to properly discount destination-end activities based on travel impedance for the current mode and scenario.

Summarize accessibility scores to create data and map products for visualization and additional analysis as needed.

Finally, compare accessibility results - by zone or in aggregated study areas - to understand how changing conditions impact accessibility.



  • arcpy (installs with ArcGIS) v. 10.2 or later
  • numpy v. 1.11.2 or later
  • pandas v. 0.18.1 or later